A Special Message to the Jews
We know that the book of Romans was written "To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints:..." (Romans 1:7), however, there is a special message to the Jewish people in the book of Romans as indicated by the verses below...
"Behold, thou art called a Jew..."
"For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written."
"What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?"
"What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;"
"What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?"
"Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?"
"For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;"
"Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth."
"But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;"
"Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved."
But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
"But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people."
"I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid."
"God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew..."
"And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
It is in this context we must look at some of the verses in Romans that are often used in the defense of Calvinism. Please remember that when the writer cites an Old Testament scripture, he does so because that Old Testament scripture makes the point that he is trying to make...